# Unitary Positive-Energy Representations of Scalar Bilocal Quantum Fields

April 27, 2006

The superselection sectors of two classes of scalar bilocal quantum fields in
$D\ge 4$ dimensions are explicitly determined by working out the constraints
imposed by unitarity. The resulting classification in terms of the dual of the
respective gauge groups $U(N)$ and $O(N)$ confirms the expectations based on
general results obtained in the framework of local nets in algebraic quantum
field theory, but the approach using standard Lie algebra methods rather than
abstract duality theory is complementary. The result indicates that one does
not lose interesting models if one postulates the absence of scalar fields of
dimension $D-2$ in models with global conformal invariance. Another remarkable
outcome is the observation that, with an appropriate choice of the Hamiltonian,
a Lie algebra embedded into the associative algebra of observables completely
fixes the representation theory.

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