Cosmological horizons and reconstruction of quantum field theories

Claudio Dappiaggi, Valter Moretti, Nicola Pinamonti
December 11, 2007
As a starting point, we state some relevant geometrical properties enjoyed by the cosmological horizon of a certain class of Friedmann-Robertson-Walker backgrounds. Those properties are generalised to a larger class of expanding spacetimes $M$ admitting a geodesically complete cosmological horizon $\Im^-$ common to all co-moving observers. This structure is later exploited in order to recast, in a cosmological background, some recent results for a linear scalar quantum field theory in spacetimes asymptotically flat at null infinity. Under suitable hypotheses on $M$, encompassing both the cosmological de Sitter background and a large class of other FRW spacetimes, the algebra of observables for a Klein-Gordon field is mapped into a subalgebra of the algebra of observables ${\cal W}(\Im^-)$ constructed on the cosmological horizon. There is exactly one pure quasifree state $\lambda$ on ${\cal W}(\Im^-)$ which fulfils a suitable energy-positivity condition with respect to a generator related with the cosmological time displacements. Furthermore $\lambda$ induces a preferred physically meaningful quantum state $\lambda_M$ for the quantum theory in the bulk. If $M$ admits a timelike Killing generator preserving $\Im^-$, then the associated self-adjoint generator in the GNS representation of $\lambda_M$ has positive spectrum (i.e. energy). Moreover $\lambda_M$ turns out to be invariant under every symmetry of the bulk metric which preserves the cosmological horizon. In the case of an expanding de Sitter spacetime, $\lambda_M$ coincides with the Euclidean (Bunch-Davies) vacuum state, hence being Hadamard in this case. Remarks on the validity of the Hadamard property for $\lambda_M$ in more general spacetimes are presented.

Hadamard states, cosmological spacetimes