Proper condensates and off-diagonal long range order

Detlev Buchholz
February 07, 2022
Within the framework of the algebra of canonical commutation relations in Euclidean space, a long range order between particles in bounded regions is established in states with a sufficiently large particle number. It occurs whenever homogeneous proper (infinite) condensates form locally in the states in the limit of infinite densities. The condensates are described by eigenstates of the momentum operator, covering also those cases, where they are streaming with a constant velocity. The arguments given are model independent and lead to a new criterion for the occurrence of condensates. It makes use of a novel approach to the identification of condensates, based on a characterization of regular and singular wave functions.