A rigorous geometric derivation of the chiral anomaly in curved backgrounds
Christian Bär, Alexander Strohmaier
August 21, 2015
We discuss the chiral anomaly for a Weyl field in a curved background and show that a novel index theorem for the Lorentzian Dirac operator can be applied to describe the gravitational chiral anomaly. A formula for the total charge generated by the gravitational and gauge field background is derived in a mathematically rigorous manner. It contains a term identical to the integrand in the Atiyah-Singer index theorem and another term involving the $\eta$-invariant of the Cauchy hypersurfaces.
Keywords:chiral anomaly, Lorentzian index theorem, QFT on curved spacetimes