# Infinite index extensions of local nets and defects

March 10, 2017

Subfactor theory provides a tool to analyze and construct extensions of
Quantum Field Theories, once the latter are formulated as local nets of von
Neumann algebras. We generalize some of the results of [LR95] to the case of
extensions with infinite Jones index. This case naturally arises in physics,
the canonical examples are given by global gauge theories with respect to a
compact (non-finite) group of internal symmetries. Building on the works of
Izumi, Longo, Popa [ILP98] and Fidaleo, Isola [FI99], we consider generalized
Q-systems (of intertwiners) for a semidiscrete inclusion of properly infinite
von Neumann algebras, which generalize ordinary Q-systems introduced by Longo
[Lon94] to the infinite index case. We characterize inclusions which admit
generalized Q-systems of intertwiners and define a braided product among the
latter, hence we construct examples of QFTs with defects (phase boundaries) of
infinite index, extending the family of boundaries in the grasp of [BKLR16].

Keywords:

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